The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a beautiful breed that originated in Britain. The breed was given its name in honor of King Charles II, and was originally kept only by noble and wealthy families. The history of this breed has been well documented throughout by the extensive tapestries and paintings of them along with their families. These stunning dogs were considered a luxury item, and as such only the nobility of the time could afford to keep them. The average citizen simply could not pay for the food and the up keep of a non-working dog.
Cavaliers are exceptional companions, and they have a very smart look about them. They have a medium length coat, which only requires weekly brushing. They are a smaller dog, only growing up to an average of 12 to 13 inches tall at the shoulder. Their luxurious coats come in four colors: Black and Tan (black with tan points), Tricolor (black, tan, and white), Ruby (solid chestnut or red) and Blenheim (chestnut and white).
They are extremely friendly, and are a dependable friend for children. They are in no way an aggressive breed, as they truly enjoy the companionship of their families. They are very outgoing, always wanting to be the centre of attention and will give a bark when company arrives. They are very sweet and gentle creatures, adaptable to any lifestyle.
The Cavalier's exercise requirements are easy to keep up with, as they can lounge on the couch with you or go for long walks and be happy either way.
They tend not to be a nervous breed, so this can help to eliminate the possibility of him developing anxieties, thus becoming destructive. They are easy to train, and genuinely strive to please their owners. Although the Cavalier was originally bred as a house pet, they can also be used in hunting of small game, such as upland fowl, or smaller game birds. Aside from the hunt, Cavaliers also excel in therapy, obedience, and agility.
Some health problems can plague the regal Cavalier. The Cavalier's most common problem is problems with the eyes. They can develop cataracts or other retinal troubles. They can suffer from hip dysplasia, and a condition called slipping patella. That means the dog's kneecap may slip, especially in later years.
They also can experience neurological disorders, but do not let that deter you. Cavaliers can be examined by a veterinarian to rule out these health issues. Many Cavaliers live into their teens, with little to no health problems.
As with any breed of dog, it is imperative that you do your research, because like so many breeds, the Cavalier has gained in popularity due to its appearances on television shows, and has spawned many people to breed them simply for profit. It is important to do your research on the breeders that you are considering purchasing a puppy from. The most reputable will offer a certificate from a veterinarian, showing that the parents of your new puppy have been pre-screened for congenital conditions, to help reduce the possibility of your puppy developing them.